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London Olympic Games 2014

Winter Olympic Games 2014

The Winter Olympic Games is the most important international sporting event held once in every four years. The introductory Winter Olympics was hosted in 1924 in Chamonix France. This sports competition formerly presented alpine and cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumping and speed skating. The Games held regularly every four years up to 1936, however, were broken by World War II. The Winter Olympics resumed in 1948 and was organised every four years continuously, ever since. Both winter and Summer Olympic Games were habitually held in the same years until 1992. However, following the decision taken by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1986, the summer and Winter Games were positioned on different four-year cycles in alternating even-numbered years. Consequent to this modification, the next Winter Olympics after 1992 were held in 1994.

Winter Olympic Games 2014:

Host city  Sochi, Russia
Motto  Hot. Cool. Yours.[1]
(Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои.)
Nations participating  88
Athletes participating  2,500+ (estimated)
Events  98 in 7 sports (15 disciplines)
Opening ceremony  7-Feb
Closing ceremony  23-Feb
Stadium  Fisht Olympic Stadium

Winter Olympics Medal Table:

 

Rank  NOC  Gold  Silver  Bronze  Total
1  Russia (RUS)*  13 11 9 33
2  Norway (NOR)  11 5 10 26
3  Canada (CAN)  10 10 5 25
4  United States (USA)  9 7 12 28
5  Netherlands (NED)  8 7 9 24
6  Germany (GER)  8 6 5 19
7  Switzerland (SUI)  6 3 2 11
8  Belarus (BLR)  5 0 1 6
9  Austria (AUT)  4 8 5 17
10  France (FRA)  4 4 7 15
11  Poland (POL)  4 1 1 6
12  China (CHN)  3 4 2 9
13  South Korea (KOR)  3 3 2 8
14  Sweden (SWE)  2 7 6 15
15  Czech Republic (CZE)  2 4 2 8
16  Slovenia (SLO)  2 2 4 8
17  Japan (JPN)  1 4 3 8
18  Finland (FIN)  1 3 1 5
19  Great Britain (GBR)  1 1 2 4
20  Ukraine (UKR)  1 0 1 2
21  Slovakia (SVK)  1 0 0 1
22  Italy (ITA)  0 2 6 8
23  Latvia (LAT)  0 2 2 4
24  Australia (AUS)  0 2 1 3
25  Croatia (CRO)  0 1 0 1
26  Kazakhstan (KAZ)  0 0 1 1
Total (26 NOCs)  99 97 99 295

 

 

Calendar

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals EG Exhibition gala CC Closing ceremony
February 6th
Thu
7th
Fri
8th
Sat
9th
Sun
10th
Mon
11th
Tue
12th
Wed
13th
Thu
14th
Fri
15th
Sat
16th
Sun
17th
Mon
18th
Tue
19th
Wed
20th
Thu
21st
Fri
22nd
Sat
23rd
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
Alpine skiing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10
Biathlon 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11
Bobsleigh 1 1 1 3
Cross country skiing 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 12
Curling 1 1 2
Figure skating 1 1 1 1 1 EG 5
Freestyle skiing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 10
Ice Hockey 1 1 2
Luge 1 1 1 1 4
Nordic combined 1 1 1 3
Short track speed skating 1 1 2 1 3 8
Skeleton 1 1 2
Ski jumping 1 1 1 1 4
Snowboarding 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 10
Speed skating 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 12
Total events 5 8 5 8 6 6 6 7 5 6 5 8 6 7 7 3 98
Cumulative total 5 13 18 26 32 38 44 51 56 62 67 75 81 88 95 98
February 6th
Thu
7th
Fri
8th
Sat
9th
Sun
10th
Mon
11th
Tue
12th
Wed
13th
Thu
14th
Fri
15th
Sat
16th
Sun
17th
Mon
18th
Tue
19th
Wed
20th
Thu
21st
Fri
22nd
Sat
23rd
Sun
Events

 


The Winter Games have, since their inauguration, gone through numerous changes. Some disciplines of sporting events were added and few of them, like luge, short track speed skating and free style skiing, have found a permanent berth in the Olympic programme. But, other sports like speed skiing, bandy and skijoring never got included in the Olympic sports schedule. The growth of television as a universal medium gave a fillip to the prominence of the Games. It also constituted a source of income, through the marketing of broadcast rights and advertising, which turned out to be a gold mine for the IOC. This materialised in assisting various external organizations, like television companies and corporate sponsors, to exert authority, paved way for internal scandals, propagated the use of performance enhancing drugs by Winter Olympic participants and also exposed the IOC to severe criticisms. This ultimately provoked a political boycott of this tournament. On the top of these things, some countries misused the Winter Games as a platform to exhibit the supremacy of their political systems.

Although the Winter Olympics were contested in three continents, they have never been staged in the southern hemisphere. Till now the United States has hosted the Games four times; France has been the host for three times; Austria, Canada, Japan, Italy, Norway and Switzerland have hosted the Games twice.

Sochi will be the first Russian city to host the Winter Olympics, in 2014. The IOC has selected Pyeong chang, South Korea, to host the 2018 Winter Olympics.

All in all 12 countries - Austria, Canada, Finland, France, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States have participated in every Winter Olympic games. Of these, six nations (Austria, Canada, Finland, Norway, Sweden and the United States) have won medals in every Winter Olympic Games, and the United States has been the only one to win gold at each of these of Games.

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games, or the 22nd Winter Olympics, are planned to be organised from February 7 to February 23 2014, in Sochi, Russia, with some events to be held in the resort town of Krasnaya Polyana. Altogether, ninety-eight events in fifteen winter sports will be contested. Both, the Olympics and 2014 Winter Paralympics, are being controlled by the Sochi Organizing Committee (SOC).

Sochi was chosen as the host city on July 4, 2007, in the course of the 119th I.O.C. meeting held in the city of Guatemala , over Salzburg, Austria, and Pyeongchang, South Korea who also had submitted the bids. The Sochi Olympics will be the first for Russia after the Soviet Union breakup.

Sochi will be the warmest city ever to hold Winter Olympic Games, with the average February temperature around 8.3 °C (42.8 °F) and humid subtropical climate.
Arrangements for the Games required the construction of new venue buildings and modernization of the telecommunications, electric power, and transportation network of this venue.
The construction of New Olympic Park by the Black Sea coast in the Imeretin Valley, with venues spread around a central water zone (on which the Medals Plaza will perch), is in brisk progress. The venues in Krasnaya Polyana will also be newly put up.

All the new venues will be situated about a central water basin on which the Medals Plaza will be constructed. This will guarantee marvellously organized concentration of the Olympics Stadium and all indoor venues of the Olympics located within walking distance.

As expressed by, Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Organizing Committee president and CEO, Dmitry Chernyshenko, the flourishing partnership and business-related programs upheld the utilization of finances generated by Sochi 2014 for the 2009–2010 development period, thus, doing away the need to avail of the state funds assured by the Russian Government. Also, he confirmed that the Organizing Committee effectively generated more than $500 million through the marketing programs during the first five months of 2009.
Russia set apart just about 327 billion Roubles (approximately US$9.964 billion) for the total development, expansion and to host the Games. Funds to the tune of 192.4 billion Roubles, from the federal budget and 7.1 billion from the Krasnodar Krai budget and from the Sochi budget, were sourced. The organizers predict to be left with a surplus of US$300 million when the Games finish off.

The torch relay started at Moscow on October 7 2013 and will arrive at Sochi on the day of the opening ceremony, February 7 2014, after passing through 83 Russian cities.
The 2010 Winter Olympics, the XXI Olympic Winter Games or the 21st Winter Olympics were staged from February 12 to February 28 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, in addition to some events held in the suburbs of Richmond, West Vancouver and the University Endowment Lands, and in the resort town of Whistler. Roughly 2,600 athletes from 82 nations partook in 86 events in fifteen disciplines.

Canada topped the Medals tally with winning 14 gold, while Germany with 10 gold and the USA and Norway nine gold each, stood second and third respectively.

 

 





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